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Global Overview Magazine

Revista de actualidad política, religiosa, económica, social, cultural, científica y educativa con alcance internacional
ISSN 2618-1916

ITALIA HOY. ITALIA TODAY

ITALIA HOY
Report de la colega Prof. Dra.
Barbara Lattanzi
Italy: the “third republic” and the government contract
By Barbara G.V. Lattanzi
Rome
After more than 2 months from the election day (4 march 2018) Italy has found an agreement on the name of the prime minister and the planning and political direction of the legislative activity. The “government contract” subscribed some days ago by the Lega and the Movimento Cinque Stelle should be the schedule of the reforms on welfare, taxation, security and other important issues.
The new prime minister and political leader is professor Giuseppe Conte, who is new to the task, but definitely skilled. In Italy the government is lead by the president of the Minister’s Council (or prime minister).
The electoral result on the 4th march showed an overall distrust in the parties that have been holding the government during the two last decades. Emerging parties are the Lega, with its leader Matteo Salvini, a right wing party which is trying to oppose to the heavy immigration from Africa and propose a reform taxation system’s reform known as flat tax or, anyway, a reduction of the taxation progressivity (which is ordered by the Italian Republic Constituzion – First part art. 53). Lega showed a strong electoral support and it is now third most voted party, first of the right wing coalition.
The majority (more than 30%) of the population voted for the Movimento Cinque Stelle, a relatively new party, lead by young Luigi di Maio and sponsored by comedian Beppe Grillo. It proposes a universal unemployment benefit, similar – but not same - to most European countries, and other forms of support to reduce poverty. Both parties are critical of the European governance and financial treaties and wish to cancel the recent laws on retirement pensions (known as Legge Fornero) and labor (known as Jobs Act), that have been pushing the country towards a worsening of the financial crises through the contraction of the domestic demand. Both are skeptical towards the Euro, the functioning of the European monetary politics.
The reaction of the Italian voters doesn’t surprise. Italians are asking for a change and they hope for an improvement of the financial asset.
Most commentators and voters are now criticizing the “flat tax” or reduction of the taxation progressivity, which is feared to deepen the gap between the extreme quintiles of the income distribution, thus worsening the already heavy inequality between the richest and the poorest classes.
A change has to come and Europe will be looking at our country. The new asset could be a failing experiment or a model for a renewal of the European politics and economics.
Foto del nuevo Premier Italiano: Profesor Giuseppe Conte
BARBARA G.V. LATTANZI
SOCIOLOGA ESPERTA DI RELIGIONI
SOCIA OPERATIVA DI VISION- OSSERVATORIO SULLA VITTIMOLOGIA
MEMBRO DI ASSOCIATION FOR THE SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGIONS (ASR)
RADICALISATION AWARENESS NETWORK (RAN) - EUROPEAN COMMISSION
E ICSOR – INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR THE SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION